How To Combine Two Columns In Excel

When working with Excel, there may be instances where you need to merge or combine two columns of data. This can be especially useful when you have data that is spread across multiple columns and you want to consolidate it. In this article, we will guide you through the steps of combining columns in Excel using different methods.

Two columns in excel

Key Takeaways:

  • Combining columns in Excel allows you to consolidate data and improve workflow efficiency.
  • You can merge columns using the ampersand symbol or the CONCATENATE function.
  • After merging columns, formatting and organizing the data is essential for readability and analysis.
  • Avoid common mistakes like forgetting to check for blank cells or merging too many columns.
  • Troubleshoot issues by checking cell references, formula syntax, and data formatting.

Step-by-Step Guide for Merging Columns in Excel

When it comes to merging columns in Excel, you have two options: the ampersand symbol or the CONCATENATE function. Both methods are efficient and easy to use, allowing you to combine your data seamlessly.

If you choose to use the ampersand symbol, follow these steps:

  1. Select the cell where you want the merged data to appear.
  2. Type an equals sign (=) to start the formula.
  3. Enter the first cell reference that you want to merge.
  4. Insert the ampersand symbol (&) to concatenate the data.
  5. Add the second cell reference that you want to merge.
  6. Press Enter to complete the merging process.

If you prefer using the CONCATENATE function, here's what you need to do:

  1. Type =CONCATENATE( to start the function.
  2. Select the first cell reference.
  3. Use a comma to separate the first and second cell references.
  4. Select the second cell reference.
  5. Close the function with a closing parenthesis ()).
  6. Press Enter to merge the columns.

Remember, both methods offer flexibility and can be used across multiple columns. Choose the one that suits your needs and enjoy the benefits of merged data in Excel.

Tips for Formatting Combined Columns in Excel

After merging columns in Excel, it's important to format the combined data to ensure readability and consistency. By applying the appropriate formatting, you can enhance the visual presentation of your merged columns.

If you want to add a space, comma, or any other character between the merged data, you can utilize the ampersand symbol or the CONCATENATE function. Simply include the desired character within the formula to separate the data effectively.

When dealing with merged cells that contain numbers or dates, it may be necessary to use the TEXT function to define the desired format. This function enables you to control the appearance of the data by specifying the formatting code. For example, you can add text descriptions within the merged cells to create meaningful sentences or include units of measurement.

Consider the formatting requirements specific to the type of data you are working with. For textual information, you can adjust the font size, style, and alignment to improve readability. For numeric data, you can choose the appropriate number format, such as currency or percentage, and apply decimal places.

If you are unsure about the formatting options available in Excel, the software provides a comprehensive range of pre-defined formatting styles. You can access these styles by selecting the merged cells and clicking on the Format Cells option in the Home tab. From there, you can explore various formatting options and choose the one that best suits your needs.

Remember, effective formatting enhances the professional appearance of your Excel worksheet and facilitates the interpretation of data by yourself and others. Take the time to format your merged columns appropriately and create visually appealing spreadsheets that communicate your data effectively.


To illustrate the importance of formatting merged columns, consider a scenario where you combine two columns containing customer names and locations. By formatting the merged column as "Customer Name (Location)," you can quickly identify each customer's location without having to refer to separate columns.

Merge and center

Common Mistakes to Avoid When Merging Columns in Excel

When merging columns in Excel, it's important to be aware of common mistakes that can occur during the process. By avoiding these errors, you can ensure a smooth merging experience. Here are some mistakes to watch out for:

Forgetting to Check for Blank or Empty Cells

One common mistake is failing to check for blank or empty cells before merging columns. This can lead to errors when concatenating the data. To prevent this, carefully review your dataset and remove any blank cells before merging.

Merging Too Many Columns

Another mistake to avoid is merging too many columns at once. While merging columns can be useful, combining an excessive number of columns can make the data difficult to work with and analyze. Before merging, consider if merging all the columns is necessary or if a subset of columns will suffice.

Failure to Remove Unwanted Delimiters

It's essential to remove any unwanted delimiters that may be present in the merged cells. Delimiters such as commas or semicolons can interfere with the accuracy and interpretation of the data. Take the time to review and clean the merged cells for optimal results.

By avoiding these common mistakes, you can ensure a successful merging process in Excel. Remember to thoroughly review your data, merge only the necessary columns, and remove any unwanted delimiters to maintain the integrity of your dataset.

Troubleshooting Common Issues When Merging Two Columns in Excel

If you encounter any issues when merging columns in Excel, there are common problems that you may face. Error messages can occur if the cell references or formula syntax is incorrect. You may also experience incorrect or missing data if the cells are not correctly formatted or spelled. To troubleshoot these issues, double-check your cell references, formulas, and data formatting to ensure accuracy.

When encountering error messages, review the formula syntax used to merge the columns. Ensure that the correct cell references are being used and that there are no typographical errors. Additionally, check for any missing closing parentheses or quotation marks that may be causing syntax errors.

Incorrect or missing data after merging columns can often be attributed to formatting or spelling issues. Verify that the cells you are merging have the correct format applied to them. For example, if you are merging numeric data, ensure that the cells are formatted as numbers. Similarly, if you are merging dates, confirm that the cells have the correct date format. Pay attention to any leading or trailing spaces in the cells, as they can also cause discrepancies in the merged data.

By carefully reviewing your cell references, formula syntax, and data formatting, you can troubleshoot and resolve common issues that arise when merging columns in Excel. Taking the time to ensure accuracy will result in a successful merging process and reliable data consolidation.

Best Practices for Organizing Data After Merging Two Columns in Excel

After successfully merging two columns in Excel, the next step is to organize the data to ensure easy readability and efficient analysis. By adopting some best practices, you can optimize your Excel worksheet for effective data organization.

To begin with, consider using filters or sorting functions to group similar data together. These features allow you to arrange your merged columns in a way that makes sense for your specific data set. By categorizing or arranging data based on specific criteria, you can easily locate and analyze the information you need.

Another helpful practice is adding headers or labels to the newly created column resulting from the merging process. These headers or labels can provide a clear identification of the merged data and give context to the information in the column. By naming the merged column appropriately, you can enhance understanding and facilitate data analysis.

Additionally, it's recommended to remove any blank or empty cells that may have been created during the merging process. Empty cells can interfere with data analysis and may cause errors in calculations. By eliminating these unnecessary cells, you can maintain data integrity and ensure accurate results in your Excel worksheet.

Example of organizing data after merging columns in Excel:

By adhering to these best practices for organizing data after merging columns in Excel, you can create a well-organized worksheet that supports efficient data analysis and manipulation. Taking the time to properly structure your data enhances clarity, reduces errors, and ultimately improves the usability of your Excel workbook.


Merging columns in Excel is a valuable technique that allows you to consolidate data and enhance your workflow efficiency. By following the step-by-step guide, utilizing the provided tips, and applying best practices outlined in this article, you can effortlessly combine two columns in Excel.

Whether you opt for the straightforward ampersand symbol method or decide to use the versatile CONCATENATE function, it is crucial to format the merged columns correctly and avoid common mistakes. Taking the time to organize your data and eliminate any blank or empty cells that may occur during the merging process will result in a well-structured Excel worksheet.

Streamlining your data analysis and manipulation tasks becomes seamless with a well-organized worksheet. By implementing the methods discussed in this article, you can achieve a coherent and concise representation of your data, facilitating easier readability and efficient analysis.


What methods can I use to combine two columns in Excel?

You can use either the ampersand symbol or the CONCATENATE function to merge two columns in Excel.

How do I use the ampersand method to merge columns in Excel?

To use the ampersand method, select the first cell where you want the merged data, type an equals sign followed by the first cell reference, an ampersand, and the second cell reference, then press Enter.

How do I use the CONCATENATE function to merge columns in Excel?

To use the CONCATENATE function, type =CONCAT( in a cell, then select the cell references you want to combine separated by commas, and press Enter.

How can I format the combined data after merging columns in Excel?

You can add characters like spaces or commas between the merged cells using the ampersand symbol or CONCATENATE function. If the merged cells contain numbers or dates, you can use the TEXT function to define the desired format.

What are common mistakes to avoid when merging columns in Excel?

Common mistakes include forgetting to check for blank or empty cells, merging too many columns, and not removing unwanted delimiters from merged cells.

What common issues may I face when merging two columns in Excel?

Common issues include error messages due to incorrect cell references or formula syntax, as well as incorrect or missing data caused by formatting or spelling errors.

How can I organize the data after merging two columns in Excel?

You can use filters or sorting to group similar data together, add headers or labels to the new column created by merging, and remove any blank or empty cells that may have been created.